An immediate need in treatment is to ensure that the airway is open and not threatened for example by tissues or foreign objects , because airway compromisation can occur rapidly and insidiously, and is potentially deadly. Injuries to the face, by their very nature, impart a high degree of emotional, as well as physical trauma to patients. Facial trauma injuries occur through work and sports-related accidents, self-inflicted wounds, animal bites, and interpersonal violence. Infection is another potential complication, for example when debris is ground into an abrasion and remains there. Avoid fat free foods for optimum nutrition and to avoid weight loss.
Radiography , imaging of tissues using X-rays , is used to rule out facial fractures. Facial trauma , also called maxillofacial trauma , is any physical trauma to the face. They are on staff at local hospitals and deliver emergency room coverage for facial injuries, which include the following conditions:. Hidden categories: Articles unintentionally citing retracted publications. Surgeons carrying out flap reconstruction use either local flaps, which remain connected to their blood supply, or free flaps, which are separated from their source and require reconnecting when placed in the recipient site.
This can be a simple fixation procedure, or it can be highly complex depending on the nature of the injury. They will examine you carefully looking for changes in mobility, swelling and pain but will also send you for X-rays. Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons are trained, skilled and uniquely qualified to manage and treat Facial Trauma. What is the Trigeminal Nerve? Lower limb Injuries to the lower limb are often high-energy injuries most commonly sustained in motor vehicle and sporting accidents.